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The Most Comprehensive and Up-to-Date Tarantula Species List With Pictures Pdf Available Online



Tarantula Species List With Pictures Pdf Download




Tarantulas are among the most fascinating and diverse creatures in the world. They belong to the order Theraphosidae, which contains over 1,000 species of large hairy spiders that can be found on every continent except Antarctica. Tarantulas vary widely in their appearance, behavior, habitat, and venom potency. Some are docile and colorful, while others are aggressive and cryptic. Some live in trees and spin webs, while others live on the ground and dig burrows. Some have mild venom that causes only pain and swelling, while others have potent venom that can cause serious symptoms or even death.




Tarantula Species List With Pictures Pdf Download


Download Zip: https://www.google.com/url?q=https%3A%2F%2Fpicfs.com%2F2ucUrQ&sa=D&sntz=1&usg=AOvVaw3aIy9xgE_DS1pbxcupqVH9



If you are interested in learning more about these amazing arachnids, one of the best ways to do so is by downloading a tarantula species list with pictures pdf. This is a document that contains detailed information and images of hundreds of different tarantula species from around the world. You can use it as a reference guide to identify, care for, or breed tarantulas. In this article, we will show you how to use a tarantula species list with pictures pdf effectively and why it is a valuable resource for any tarantula enthusiast.


How to Identify Different Tarantula Species




One of the main reasons to download a tarantula species list with pictures pdf is to be able to identify different tarantula species accurately. This can help you choose the right tarantula for your pet collection or breeding project. It can also help you avoid confusion or misidentification that could lead to problems or accidents.


When identifying tarantulas, there are several characteristics that you need to look for. These include:



  • Size: Tarantulas range from less than an inch to over a foot in leg span. The size of a tarantula can indicate its age, sex, and species. Generally, females are larger and live longer than males, and some species are naturally bigger or smaller than others.



  • Color: Tarantulas come in a variety of colors, from black and brown to red and blue. The color of a tarantula can indicate its origin, habitat, and mood. Generally, darker colors are more common in terrestrial or burrowing species, while brighter colors are more common in arboreal or webbing species. Some tarantulas can also change their color depending on their environment, temperature, or stress level.



  • Pattern: Tarantulas often have distinctive patterns on their bodies or legs, such as stripes, spots, or bands. The pattern of a tarantula can indicate its species, sex, and age. Generally, males have more pronounced patterns than females, and some patterns fade or change as the tarantula grows or molts.



  • Hairiness: Tarantulas are covered with hairs that serve various functions, such as sensing, gripping, or defense. The hairiness of a tarantula can indicate its species, sex, and temperament. Generally, hairier tarantulas are more sensitive and defensive than less hairy ones, and some tarantulas have special hairs called urticating hairs that they can flick at predators or humans to cause irritation or allergic reactions.



  • Leg span: Tarantulas have eight legs that are arranged in two pairs of four. The leg span of a tarantula can indicate its species, sex, and mobility. Generally, longer-legged tarantulas are more agile and fast than shorter-legged ones, and males have longer legs than females.



Based on these characteristics, you can identify some of the most common types of tarantulas that are popular as pets or for breeding. Here are some examples:



Tarantula Species


Description


Picture


Mexican redknee (Brachypelma hamorii)


A medium-sized terrestrial tarantula with black body and red-orange bands on the legs. It is native to Mexico and is one of the most popular pet tarantulas due to its docile temperament and long lifespan.


Goliath birdeater (Theraphosa blondi)


A very large terrestrial tarantula with brown body and pinkish hairs. It is native to South America and is the largest spider in the world by mass and leg span. It is not a common pet tarantula due to its aggressive temperament and potent venom.


Pinktoe (Avicularia avicularia)


A small arboreal tarantula with black body and pinkish toes. It is native to South America and is one of the most popular pet tarantulas due to its colorful appearance and gentle temperament.


Cobalt blue (Haplopelma lividum)


A medium-sized burrowing tarantula with dark blue body and legs. It is native to Southeast Asia and is one of the most striking pet tarantulas due to its vivid coloration. However, it is also one of the most aggressive and venomous pet tarantulas.


How to Care for Different Tarantula Species




Another reason to download a tarantula species list with pictures pdf is to be able to care for different tarantula species properly. This can help you provide the best conditions and environment for your tarantula pets or breeding specimens. It can also help you avoid mistakes or mishaps that could harm your tarantulas or yourself.


When caring for tarantulas, there are some general requirements that you need to follow. These include:



  • Enclosure: Tarantulas need a secure and spacious enclosure that suits their natural habitat and behavior. Generally, terrestrial or burrowing tarantulas need a horizontal enclosure with a deep layer of substrate, while arboreal or webbing tarantulas need a vertical enclosure with branches, plants, or cork bark. The enclosure should have a tight-fitting lid with ventilation holes and no gaps that could allow the tarantula to escape or other animals to enter.



  • Substrate: Tarantulas need a suitable substrate that mimics their natural environment and provides comfort and stability. Generally, organic and moisture-retaining substrates such as peat moss, coco fiber, or vermiculite are preferred, while inorganic and abrasive substrates such as sand, gravel, or wood chips are avoided. The substrate should be kept clean and dry, except for some species that require higher humidity levels.



  • Temperature: Tarantulas need a stable and moderate temperature that matches their origin and habitat. Generally, most tarantulas thrive at room temperature (around 70-80F), while some tropical or desert species may require higher (around 85-90F) or lower (around 65-70F) temperatures respectively. The temperature should be monitored and regulated with a thermometer and a heat source such as a heat mat, lamp, or pad.



  • Humidity: Tarantulas need a suitable humidity level that prevents dehydration and facilitates molting. Generally, most tarantulas prefer a humidity level of around 60-70%, while some tropical or desert species may require higher (around 80-90%) or lower (around 40-50%) humidity levels respectively. The humidity should be monitored and maintained with a hygrometer and a water source such as a shallow dish, spray bottle, or misting system.



  • Ventilation: Tarantulas need adequate ventilation that allows air circulation and prevents mold growth and respiratory problems. Generally, most tarantulas benefit from having several small holes or slits on the sides and top of the enclosure, while some arboreal or webbing species may prefer having more openings on the top than on the sides. The ventilation should be balanced and not cause excessive heat loss or moisture evaporation.



In addition to these general requirements, there are some specific needs of different tarantula species that you need to consider. These include:



  • Arboreal vs terrestrial: Tarantulas can be classified into two main groups based on their habitat preference: arboreal (tree-dwelling) or terrestrial (ground-dwelling). Arboreal tarantulas need more vertical space and climbing structures in their enclosure, while terrestrial tarantulas need more horizontal space and hiding places in their enclosure. Arboreal tarantulas tend to be more agile and fast, while terrestrial tarantulas tend to be more sluggish and slow.



  • Burrowing vs webbing: Tarantulas can also be classified into two main groups based on their behavior preference: burrowing (digging) or webbing (spinning). Burrowing tarantulas need more substrate depth and moisture in their enclosure, while webbing tarantulas need more anchor points and silk production in their enclosure. Burrowing tarantulas tend to be more secretive and defensive, while webbing tarantulas tend to be more visible and active.



Based on these specific needs, you can care for some of the most common types of tarantulas that are popular as pets or for breeding. Here are some examples:



Tarantula Species


Habitat Preference


Behavior Preference


Care Tips


Mexican redknee (Brachypelma hamorii)


Terrestrial


Burrowing


Provide a 10-gallon enclosure with 4-6 inches of substrate, a hide, and a water dish. Keep the temperature at 75-80F and the humidity at 60-70%. Feed once or twice a week with crickets, roaches, or worms.


Goliath birdeater (Theraphosa blondi)


Terrestrial


Burrowing


Provide a 20-gallon enclosure with 8-10 inches of substrate, a hide, and a water dish. Keep the temperature at 80-85F and the humidity at 80-90%. Feed once or twice a week with large prey such as mice, frogs, or lizards.


Pinktoe (Avicularia avicularia)


Arboreal


Webbing


Provide a 5-gallon enclosure with branches, plants, or cork bark, and a water dish. Keep the temperature at 75-80F and the humidity at 70-80%. Feed once or twice a week with small prey such as crickets, moths, or flies.


Cobalt blue (Haplopelma lividum)


Terrestrial


Burrowing


Provide a 10-gallon enclosure with 6-8 inches of substrate, a hide, and a water dish. Keep the temperature at 80-85F and the humidity at 70-80%. Feed once or twice a week with medium prey such as crickets, roaches, or worms.


How to Breed Different Tarantula Species




A final reason to download a tarantula species list with pictures pdf is to be able to breed different tarantula species successfully. This can help you contribute to the conservation and diversity of these amazing arachnids. It can also help you enjoy the hobby and income of breeding tarantulas.


When breeding tarantulas, there are some benefits and challenges that you need to be aware of. These include:



  • Benefits: Breeding tarantulas can be rewarding and fulfilling for several reasons. You can help preserve endangered or rare species of tarantulas that are threatened by habitat loss, poaching, or over-collecting. You can also create new or improved varieties of tarantulas that have desirable traits such as color, size, or temperament. You can also earn money by selling your offspring to other hobbyists or pet stores.



  • Challenges: Breeding tarantulas can also be difficult and risky for several reasons. You need to have enough space, time, and resources to house and care for multiple tarantulas and their offspring. You also need to have enough knowledge and experience to sex, mate, incubate, and hatch your tarantulas safely and effectively. You also need to be prepared for the possibility of losing your tarantulas due to cannibalism, infection, or predation.



When breeding tarantulas, there are some steps involved that you need to follow. These include:



  • Sexing: The first step is to determine the sex of your tarantulas. This is important because only mature males and females can mate successfully. Generally, males are smaller and have longer legs than females, and have special structures called tibial hooks or palpal bulbs on their front legs or pedipalps respectively. Females are larger and have shorter legs than males, and have special structures called spermathecae or epigastric furrows on their abdomens respectively. You can also sex your tarantulas by examining their molted skins under a microscope or by using DNA testing.



  • Mating: The second step is to introduce your male and female tarantulas for mating. This is tricky because some tarantulas are more aggressive or cannibalistic than others. Generally, you need to prepare a neutral and spacious enclosure with substrate, hides, and water dishes for both tarantulas. You also need to make sure that both tarantulas are well-fed and healthy before mating. You then need to carefully place the male in the enclosure with the female and observe their behavior. If they show signs of interest such as tapping, drumming, or vibrating, you can let them mate until the male inserts his palpal bulbs into the female's epigastric furrow. If they show signs of aggression such as hissing, biting, or kicking, you need to separate them immediately.



How to Breed Different Tarantula Species




A final reason to download a tarantula species list with pictures pdf is to be able to breed different tarantula species successfully. This can help you contribute to the conservation and diversity of these amazing arachnids. It can also help you enjoy the hobby and income of breeding tarantulas.


When breeding tarantulas, there are some benefits and challenges that you need to be aware of. These include:



  • Benefits: Breeding tarantulas can be rewarding and fulfilling for several reasons. You can help preserve endangered or rare species of tarantulas that are threatened by habitat loss, poaching, or over-collecting. You can also create new or improved varieties of tarantulas that have desirable traits such as color, size, or temperament. You can also earn money by selling your offspring to other hobbyists or pet stores.



  • Challenges: Breeding tarantulas can also be difficult and risky for several reasons. You need to have enough space, time, and resources to house and care for multiple tarantulas and their offspring. You also need to have enough knowledge and experience to sex, mate, incubate, and hatch your tarantulas safely and effectively. You also need to be prepared for the possibility of losing your tarantulas due to cannibalism, infection, or predation.



When breeding tarantulas, there are some steps involved that you need to follow. These include:



  • Sexing: The first step is to determine the sex of your tarantulas. This is important because only mature males and females can mate successfully. Generally, males are smaller and have longer legs than females, and have special structures called tibial hooks or palpal bulbs on their front legs or pedipalps respectively. Females are larger and have shorter legs than males, and have special structures called spermathecae or epigastric furrows on their abdomens respectively. You can also sex your tarantulas by examining their molted skins under a microscope or by using DNA testing.



  • Mating: The second step is to introduce your male and female tarantulas for mating. This is tricky because some tarantulas are more aggressive or cannibalistic than others. Generally, you need to prepare a neutral and spacious enclosure with substrate, hides, and water dishes for both tarantulas. You also need to make sure that both tarantulas are well-fed and healthy before mating. You then need to carefully place the male in the enclosure with the female and observe their behavior. If they show signs of interest such as tapping, drumming, or vibrating, you can let them mate until the male inserts his palpal bulbs into the female's epigastric furrow. If they show signs of aggression such as hissing, biting, or kicking, you need to separate them immediately.



  • Incubating: The third step is to wait for the female to produce an egg sac after mating. This can take from a few weeks to a few months depending on the species and conditions. Generally, you need to provide the female with a suitable enclosure with substrate, hide, water dish, and ventilation. You also need to keep the temperature and humidity at optimal levels for the species. You then need to monitor the female's behavior and appearance for signs of egg sac formation such as increased abdomen size, webbing activity, or reduced appetite.



  • Hatching: The fourth step is to remove the egg sac from the female and hatch the spiderlings. This can take from a few weeks to a few months depending on the species and conditions. Generally, you need to carefully cut open the egg sac with scissors or a razor blade and transfer the contents into a plastic container with moist paper towels or vermiculite. You also need to keep the container in a dark and warm place with adequate ventilation. You then need to check the container regularly for signs of hatching such as movement, color change, or molting.



In addition to these steps, there are some differences between breeding different tarantula species that you need to consider. These include:



  • Maturity age: Tarantulas reach sexual maturity at different ages depending on their species and sex. Generally, males mature faster than females, and some species mature faster than others. For example, a male Mexican redknee can mature in 2-3 years, while a female can take 5-6 years. A male Goliath birdeater can mature in 3-4 years, while a female can take 8-10 years.



  • Breeding season: Tarantulas have different breeding seasons depending on their origin and habitat. Generally, most tarantulas breed in the spring or summer, while some tropical or desert species may breed year-round or in the winter. For example, a Mexican redknee can breed from March to September, while a Goliath birdeater can breed from October to February.



  • Courtship behavior: Tarantulas have different courtship behaviors depending on their species and temperament. Generally, most tarantulas use tactile and acoustic signals to communicate and attract mates, while some arboreal or webbing species may also use visual or chemical signals. For example, a Mexican redknee can use tapping, drumming, and vibrating to court a mate, while a pinktoe can also use webbing, urticating hairs, and pheromones.



  • Clutch size: Tarantulas produce different numbers of eggs and spiderlings depending on their species and size. Generally, larger tarantulas produce more eggs and spiderlings than smaller ones, and some species produce more eggs and spiderlings than others. For example, a Mexican redknee can produce 300-500 eggs and spiderlings, while a Goliath birdeater can produce 1000-2000 eggs and spiderlings.



Conclusion




Tarantulas are amazing creatures that deserve our respect and admiration. They are also fascinating pets and breeding specimens that can provide us with joy and satisfaction. However, to fully appreciate and care for these arachnids, we need to learn as much as we can about their different species and characteristic


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